Petroleum engineering encompasses several fields of knowledge or disciplines:
- Petroleum geology: finding hydrocarbons by analysing subsurface structures with geological and geophysical methods.
- Reservoir engineering: optimising production of oil and gas via proper well placement, production levels and enhanced oil recovery techniques. This involves the use of computer simulations to assist in the identification of risks and to make forecasts on reservoir potential.
- Production engineering: managing the interface between the reservoir and the well and selecting surface equipment that separates the produced fluids (oil, natural gas and water).
- Drilling engineering: managing the technical aspects of drilling both production and injection wells.
The six detailed modules of this programme are designed to demystify the most important aspects of petroleum engineering, starting from exploration, drilling, and completion of wells through to production from these wells. The course also presents reservoir drive mechanisms, classification and identification of five produced fluids, reservoir engineering and simulation processes plus different methods of evaluating the producing formation.
Download the full syllabus and fee information in the Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering course prospectus.
During the course you will study:
Petroleum Geology and Exploration Methods
Key principles of petroleum geology are explained before analysing different exploration methods for oil and gas accumulations.
- Introduction and definition of petroleum
- Upstream and downstream sectors of the petroleum industry
- Organic and inorganic theories for the origin of petroleum
- Petroleum geology and petroleum geosciences
- Structural geology and types of oil traps
- Requirements for an oil accumulation
- Oil exploration methods
- Geological, geophysical, and geochemical
Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties
This module presents the different properties of reservoir rocks and their contained fluids along with the methods used to determine these properties.
- Definition and types of routine and special core analysis
- Routine core analysis (RCA)
- Porosity, permeability, and saturation
- Special core analysis (SCAL)
- Relative permeability, capillary pressure, and wettability
- Calculation of oil and gas reserves
- Reservoir fluid properties
- Density, viscosity, and American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity
- Phase diagrams, bubble point pressure, and dew point pressure
- Main components of petroleum
- Oil and gas formation factors
- Classification of five different reservoir fluids
- Lab and field identifications of different reservoir fluids
Fluid Flow in Porous Media and Reservoir Simulation
After defining the essentials of petroleum reservoir engineering, this module explains the governing equations of fluid flow in porous media, production flow rate and well productivity, before examining the processes involved in reservoir simulation.
- What is reservoir engineering?
- Role and responsibilities of reservoir engineers
- Different types of flow regimes in a porous medium
- Reservoir geometry
- Radial, linear, and spherical flows
- Darcy’s equation for fluid flow in porous media
- Flow rate calculation for linear and radial flows
- Material balance equation (MBE) technique
- Definition of well productivity and how to improve it
- Definition of reservoir simulation
- Overview of popular industry software
Take a look a the full prospectus
Drilling Operations and Formation Evaluation
As the petroleum flows up to the surface through a drilled well, the formation has to be appraised for potential oil and gas recovery. This module studies well drilling and formation evaluation techniques.
- Principal objectives of drilling an oil well
- Main components of drilling rig systems
- Types of casing and drilling rigs
- Different types of wells based on well direction
- Types of drilling procedures and problems
- What is formation evaluation and why do we need it?
- Different tools and procedures for formation evaluation
- Mud logging and measurement while drilling (MWD)
- Types of open and cased holes well logging
- Types and functions of well testing methods
Integrated Production Systems and Surface Facilities
This module introduces the components of a production system plus related surface facilities and different processing operations.
- An integrated petroleum production system
- Inflow performance, vertical lift, and bean performance
- Different types of well completion
- Production logging tools (PLT)
- Required well workover operations
- Well stimulation techniques
- Acidizing and hydraulic fracturing
- Different types and selection of separators
- Surface facilities and oil processing operations
- Gas processing operations
- Dehydration and sweetening
Oil Recovery Processes
Most reservoirs initially start to produce by natural forces but will eventually require enhanced methods to continue production. This module presents three main types of oil recovery processes plus artificial lift methods.
- Primary recovery by natural forces of the reservoir
- Six different reservoir drive mechanisms
- Secondary recovery methods
- Water and gas injections
- Definition of improved and enhanced oil recovery methods
- Artificial lift methods
- Sucker rod, electrical submersible pumps and gas lift
- Basic enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods
- Chemical, thermal, and miscible EOR methods
- Advanced EOR processes